Tuesday, August 4, 2020

【SEAnews:India Front Line Report】 August 03, 2020 (Mon) No. 3944

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(最新ニュース 39件)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46823(1/39)
◆米国の眼鏡でインドを見るのは大きな誤り:ジャイシャンカル外相




【ニューデリー】インドは中国最大の隣国であり、文明史の面でも比肩する。 我々の関係は基本的に双務的だ。このことは両国にとってばかりでなく、世界にとって極めて重要だ。だから、我々はお互いの関心事、興味、願望を正確に理解しなければならない。 今、中国は独自の問題と米国との問題を抱えているかもしれない。 しかし、アメリカのレンズを通して我々を見るなら、インドを誤解し、両国関係を甚だしく害することは明白だ。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46824(2/39)
◆不应该从美国的角度来看我们,那将是一大错误:外交大臣贾赞卡




【新徳里】瞧,印度是中国最大的邻国,有着与之相称的文明史。我们的关系本质上是双边的。这种关系不仅对两国,而且对世界都非常重要。因此,我们必须准确地了解彼此的关切事,兴趣和愿望。现在,中国可能面临自己本身的问题和对美国关系的问题。但是,以美国的眼光来看我们,将是对印度严重的误会并显然极大地损害两国关系。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46825(3/39)
◆Shouldn't view us through US lens. That'll be a great disservice; Foreign Minister S Jaishankar




【New Delhi】Look, India is China's largest neighbour, one with a matching civilisational history. Our ties are fundamentally bilateral in character. The relationship is not only hugely consequential for both nations, but for the world. We must therefore understand each other's concerns, interests and aspirations accurately. Now, China may have its own issues and problems with the US. But to view us through an American lens would be a serious misreading of India. And clearly do the relationship great disservice.(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46826(4/39)
◆インド・中国両軍司令官15時間にわたり会談




【ニューデリー】インドと中国両軍の司令官は7月14日にわたり会談、双方は両軍の対峙を解消するための次の段階の詳細を確定するために努力した。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46827(5/39)
◆印中两军指挥官举行会谈15个小时




【新徳里】印度和中国两军指挥官于7月14日举行了长大15小时的会谈,双方都在努力确定下一阶段脱离对峙状态的细节。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46828(6/39)
◆India-China Corps Commanders hold talks for 15 hours




【New Delhi】India and China Corps Commanders held talks for 15 hours on July 14 as both sides worked to finalise details of the next phase of disengagement. (...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46829(7/39)
◆インドと中国の人々のために平和を望む:トランプ




【ワシントン】ホワイトハウスのケイリー・マケナニー報道官は7月16日、記者会見し「彼(トランプ)は、『私はインド国民と中国国民を愛しており、両国民の平和を維持するためにできることはなんでもしたい』と述べた」と語った 。
○インド、米国と限定貿易協定締結目指す(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46830(8/39)
◆希望为了印中两国人民维持和平:特朗普




【华盛顿】白宫新闻秘书凯利·麦肯尼(Kayleigh McEnany)于7月16日召开的新闻发布会上对记者说「他(特朗普)说『我爱印度人民,我爱中国人民,我想尽一切维持他们之间的和平』。」
○印度试图与美国达成有限贸易协议(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46831(9/39)
◆Want to keep peace for people of India, China: Trump




【Washington】"He (Trump) said I love the people of India and I love the people of China and I want to do everything possible to keep the peace for the people," White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany told reporters at a news conference here on July 16.
○India bats for inking limited trade deal with US during trade meet(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46832(10/39)
◆ラジャスタン州国民会議派造反議員19人、議員資格停止に直面




【ジャイプール】国民会議派が州議会議員資格の停止を求めた後、ラジャスタン州議会議長はサチン・パイロット氏と他の国民会議派造反議員18人に関係通達を発した。
<危機の発端>
<パイロット氏、チダムバラム氏と会談>(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46833(11/39)
◆19名拉贾斯坦州国大党造反议员面临被取消议员资格




【斋浦尔】拉贾斯坦州议会议长受到国大党寻求取消该党造反州议员(MLA)的议员资格后,已向萨钦·皮洛特(Sachin Pilot)和其他18个该党MLA发出了通知。
<危机的起头>
<皮洛特见面奇丹巴拉姆>(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46834(12/39)
◆19 rebel Rajasthan Indian National Congress MLAs face disqualification from assembly




【Jaipur】Rajasthan Speaker has issued notices to Sachin Pilot and 18 other rebel Congress MLAs after the party sought their disqualification from the state assembly.

(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46835(13/39)
◆BJPは議員買収に関与:国民会議派




【ジャイプール】国民会議派は7月17日、インド人民党(BJP)リーダーのガジェンドラ・シン・シェカワット連邦政府大臣がラジャスタン州議会議員(MLA)の買収工作に関与したとして非難、同相に対する訴訟を起こすよう要求した。
○ラジャスタン州政治危機巡りBJP党員がラジエBJP副総裁を非難(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46836(14/39)
◆BJP参与收买议员活动:国大党




【斋浦尔】国大党于7月17日指责印度人民党(BJP)的联邦部长加延徳拉·辛格·谢哈瓦(Gajendra Singh Shekhawat)参与了收买拉贾斯坦州议员(Lajasthan MLA)活动并要求对他提起诉讼。
○对拉贾斯坦州政治危机,印度人民党成员非难BJP副总裁拉杰女士(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46837(15/39)
◆BJP involved in horse-trading:Congress




【Jaipur】The Congress on July 17 demanded that a case be lodged against BJP leader and Union minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, accusing him of being involved in horse-trading of Rajasthan MLAs.
○BJP ally targets Vasundhara Raje over Rajasthan political crisis(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46838(16/39)
◆Googleインドデジタル化基金、ローカル言語コンピューティング促進




【ニューデリー】米アルファベットのスンダル・ピチャイ最高経営責任者は、ビデオ会議方式で催されたグーグル・フォー・インディア年次イベントの席上、「グーグルは今後5−7年間に100億米ドルを投じ、インドでのデジタルテクノロジーの振興を図る」と語った。同氏はインド・デジタル化基金に触れ、「これはインドとそのデジタル経済の将来に対する私たちの信頼の証しだ」と述べた。
○Google税論争:米国のテクノロジー企業はインドに対抗措置
○グーグル、ジオ・プラットフォームズに45億米ドル投資(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46839(17/39)
◆谷歌印度数字化基金会促进本地语言计算




【新徳里】字母表公司(Alphabet Inc)桑达尔·皮查伊(Sundar Pichai)首席执行官在一年一度的Google for India活动中通过视频会议宣布了这一消息,并表示「谷歌将在未来五到七年内投资100亿美元,以帮助加速印度数字技术的采用。」 他在谈到『印度数字化基金(India Digitization Fund)』时说「这反映了我们对印度及其数字经济的未来充满信心。」
○谷歌税争论:美国科技公司希望对印度采取行动
○谷歌证实对Jio平台投资45亿美元 (...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46840(18/39)
◆Google's India Digitisation Fund can give vernacular computing a boost




【New Delh】Alphabet Inc. Chief Executive Officer Sundar Pichai made the announcement at the annual Google for India event via video conference and said, "Google Will Invest $10 Billion over the next five to seven years to help accelerate the adoption of digital technologies in India." "This is a reflection of our confidence in the future of India and its digital economy," he said of the India Digitization Fund.
○Google tax row: US technology companies want action against India
○Google confirms it's investing $4.5 billion in India's Jio Platforms(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46841(19/39)
◆パキスタン、110億米ドルプロジェクトに署名し一帯一路ゲームに復帰




【ニューデリー】中国の一帯一路計画は、6月に110億米ドル相当のプロジェクトが署名され、パキスタンにおいて息を吹き返した。このおおがたプロジェクトは、イムランカーン首相が2年前に就任して以来停頓していたインフラ・プロジェクトの再活性化に尽力して来た退役中将によって推進された。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46842(20/39)
◆巴基斯坦签署总值110亿美元项目从而重返了一带一路游戏




【新徳里】中国的一带一路计划在巴基斯坦重获新生,因为上个月(6月)签署了价值110亿美元的项目。这是由一位前中将推动的。该前中将尽力努力重振了自两年前总理伊姆兰·汗就任以来一直陷于停顿的基础设施计划。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46843(21/39)
◆Pakistan back in China's Belt and Road game with projects worth $11 bn




【New Delhi】China's Belt and Road programme has found new life in Pakistan with $11 billion worth of projects signed in the last month (June), driven by a former lieutenant general who has reinvigorated the infrastructure plan that's been languishing since Prime Minister Imran Khan took office two years ago.(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46844(22/39)
◆ラッキー・イムラン・カーン!




【イスラマバード】イムラン・カーン首相は、身内の内輪もめを除けば、彼の政府はたいした努力もせずに、さしたる脅威にさらされていないのだから、自らをラッキーと見なすべきだろう。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46845(23/39)
◆幸运的伊姆兰汗!




【伊斯兰堡】伊姆兰·汗(Imran Khan)应该认为自己很幸运,尽管他并未付出多大努力,他的政府除了盟友的内讧之外没有受到严重的威胁。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46846(24/39)
◆Lucky Imran Khan!




【Islamabad】Prime Minister Imran Khan should consider himself lucky that without doing much his government is under no serious threat except problem within and his allies.(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46847(25/39)
◆ACMCとSLMCサポーターが国民会議に合流




【ディガマドゥーラ】ディガマドゥーラ選挙区ポツビル地区の『全セイロン国民会議会議(ACMC:All Ceylon Makkal Congress)』と『スリランカ・イスラム会議(SLMC:Sri Lanka Muslim Congress)』の支持者から成るグループは7月15日、ポツビルで催された式典の席上、『国民会議(NC:National Congress)』およびその指導者A.L.M. アサウラ前地方政府/州議会大臣を支持することを誓った。
○SLPPだけが世界に先駆ける威厳ある進歩的な国を築くことができる
○国民の勝利が究極の目標(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46848(26/39)
◆ACMC和SLMC的支持者加入国民会议




【迪加马杜拉】迪加马杜拉(Digamadulla)选区波图维尔(Pottuvil)地区的『全锡兰-马克卡尔会议(ACMC:All Ceylon Makkal Congress)』和『斯里兰卡穆斯林会议(SLMC:Sri Lanka Muslim Congress)』的支持者于7月15日在波图维尔举办的集会上宣誓支持『国民会议(NC:National Congress)』及其领导人,前地方政府和省议会部长A.L.M.阿撒拉(Athaullah)。
○只有SLPP才能建设领先世界有尊严进步的国家
○人民的胜利是我们的最终目标(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46849(27/39)
◆ACMC, SLMC supporters join National Congress




【Digamadulla】A group of All Ceylon Makkal Congress (ACMC) and Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (SLMC) supporters of the Pottuvil area in the Digamadulla Electoral District pledged their support to the National Congress (NC) and its leader, former Local Government and Provincial Councils Minister A.L.M. Athaullah on July 15 at a ceremony held in Pottuvil.
○Only the SLPP can build a progressive nation, dignified before the world
○Victory of the people our ultimate aim(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46850(28/39)
◆習主席、親中KPオリ首相の権力掌握支持を確認




【ニューデリー】中国の習近平国家主席は8月1日、ネパールとの関係の継続的発展を促進したいと語り、与党ネパール共産党(NCP:Nepal Communist Party)の内紛を背景に、親中派のKPシャルマ・オリ首相の権力掌握を支える北京の一貫した姿勢を確認した。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46851(29/39)
◆习主席支持亲中国总理沙马·奥利的掌权




【新徳里】中国国家主席习近平于8月1日表示,他希望推动与尼泊尔的关系不断发展,从而在执政的尼泊尔政党共产党(NCP:Nepal Communist Party)内部发生争执的背景下承诺北京不断采取行动以支持亲中国沙尔玛·奥利(KP Sharma Oli)总理的掌权。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46852(30/39)
◆President Xi shore up pro-China PM K P Sharma Oli's grip on power




【New Delhi】Chinese President Xi Jinping on August 1 said he wants to push for a continued advancement of ties with Nepal amidst Beijing's sustained forays to shore up pro-China Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli's grip on power in the backdrop of intra-party feud in the ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP).(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46853(31/39)
◆オリ、首相および党共同主席職の辞任を拒否




【カトマンズ】与党ネパール共産党(NCP:Nepal Communist Party)書記局は7月18日当地で重要会議を催したが、シャルマ・オリ党共同主席兼首相ともう一人の共同主席プシュパ・カマル・ダハル氏に及び上級幹部マーダブ・クマール・ネパール氏に率いられるライバル派閥の意見の相違を調整することに失敗した。
○両党共同主席、大統領に面会
○対印対中関係(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46854(32/39)
◆奥利拒绝辞去总理和党联席主席




【加徳满都】执政的尼泊尔共产党(NCP:Nepal Communist Party)秘书处于7月17日在这里举行关键会议,但未能调和党的联合主席和总理卡徳加·普拉萨徳·夏尔马·奥利(KP Sharma Oli)与另一位联合主席普什帕·卡麦尔·达哈尔(Pushpa Kamal Dahal)以及高级领导人马达夫·库马尔·内帕尔(Madhav Kumar Nepal)领导的敌对派系之间的分歧。
○党的两位联合主席访问总统
○对印对中关系(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46855(33/39)
◆Oli refuses to quit as PM, party co-chair




【Kathmandu】A crucial meeting of the ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP) Secretariat held here on July 18 failed to reconcile differences between party Co-chair and Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli and the rival faction led by another Co-chair Pushpa Kamal Dahal and senior leader Madhav Kumar Nepal.
○Both Co-Chairs of the party visit the president
○Relations with India and China(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46856(34/39)
◆バングラデシュ保健システムは既に崩壊:BNP総書記




【ダッカ】バングラデシュ民族主義党(BNP:Bangladesh Nationalist Party)のミルザ・ファクルル・イスラム・ アラムギール総書記は、「国民はバングラデシュの保健システムを信頼することができなくなった。なぜならそれは既に完全に崩壊しているからだ」と語った。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46857(35/39)
◆孟加拉国卫生系统已崩溃:BNP秘书长




【达卡】孟加拉国民族主义党(BNP:Bangladesh Nationalist Party)的米尔扎·法赫鲁尔·伊斯兰·阿拉姆吉尔(Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir)秘书长声称,由于该国的卫生系统已经完全崩溃,人们现在对他们的卫生系统不再抱有信心。(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46858(36/39)
◆Bangladesh's health system has collapsed: BNP Secretary General




【Dhaka】Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) Secretary General Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir has alleged that people now cannot have their confidence in the country's health system as it has completely collapsed.(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46859(37/39)
◆書評:聖霊のバプテスマ(アラム語ルーツVII)




 イエスが言った、「人々はきっと、私がこの世に平和を投げ込むために来たと思うであろう。そして彼らは、私が地上に分裂、火、刀、戦争を投げ込むために来たことを知らない。というのは、一家の内に五人いるであろうが、三人は二人に、二人は三人に、父は子に、子は父に、対立するであろうから。そして彼らは一人で立つであろう。」(トマス16)
○三一妙身と弥勒菩薩半跏思惟像
○日本語に紛れ込んだヘブル遺伝子
○エフライムとマナセが皇室の朝鮮ルーツを媒介
○トマスの北京伝道と倭国のえにし
○『十二部族』の怪
○『乙巳の変』の経緯
○白村江の敗戦と天智天皇
○壬申の乱
○天皇親政
○中央集権国家の形成と自壊
○桓武天皇の出自
○日朝は一衣帯水の隣国:平成天皇(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46860(38/39)
◆书评:圣灵的施洗(阿拉姆起源VII)




 耶稣说:「或许人们以为我是为世界带来和平。他们不知道我是为世界带来纷争:火焰、刀剑与战争。一间屋子里面会有五个人:三个人对抗二个人,而二个人对抗三个人,父亲对抗儿子,儿子对抗父亲,然后他们将站立,成为独自一个人。」(托马斯16)
○『三一妙身』和弥勒菩萨半跏思惟雕像
○日语中的希伯来语基因
○以法莲和玛拿西媒介了天皇家族的朝鲜起源
○圣托马斯的北京传教旅与倭国的因缘
○『十二部落』之谜
○乙已变的起源来历
○白村江的败战和天智天皇
○壬申之乱
○天皇的直接统治
○中央集权国家的形成与自毁
○桓武天皇的出身
○日朝是一衣带水邻国:平成天皇(...Read more)
2020-08-03 ArtNo.46861(39/39)
◆Review:The baptism of the Holy Spirit (Aramaic roots VII)




 Jesus said, "Perhaps people think that I have come to impose peace upon the world. They donot know that I have come to impose conflicts upon the earth: fire, sword, war. For there will be five in a house: There will be three against two and two against three, father against son and son against father and they will stand alone." (Thomas 16)
○'Three-One mysterious substance' and the statue of Maitreya
○Hebrew genes in Japanese
○Ephraim and Manasseh mediate Korean roots of Imperial framily
○A thread of fate binding between St. Thomas' Mission to Beijing and Wa-koku (倭国)
○Mystery of "The Twelve Tribes"
○The origin and history of Isshi Incident
○Hakusonko's defeat and Emperor Tenchi
○Jinshin War
○The direct rule of the Emperor
○Formation and self-destruction of centralized state
○The origin of Emperor Kanmu
○Japan and Korea are next to each other: Emperor Heisei(...Read more)
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Thursday, July 16, 2020

【SEAnews】 Review:The baptism of the Holy Spirit (Aramaic roots VII) -e

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Review:The baptism of the Holy Spirit (Aramaic roots VII)

 Jesus said, "Perhaps people think that I have come to impose peace upon the world. They donot know that I have come to impose conflicts upon the earth: fire, sword, war. For there will be five in a house: There will be three against two and two against three, father against son and son against father and they will stand alone." (Thomas 16)
According to Mr. Sasagu Arai, author of the Japanese version of The Gospel of Thomas, the verse sixteen of the Gospel of Thomas is almost in line with parallel articles in the Gospel of Matthew (10: 34-36) and the Gospel of Luke (12: 51-53), except for the last phrase. But the verse sixteen of the Gospel of Thomas does not describe the split between women (daughter and mother, wife and mother-in-law). Because the whole theme of the Gospel of Thomas is the independence of child (son = male) from father on earth (Thomas 23/49), and a woman must become a man to enter heaven. And the last sentence of the verse is certainly an addition by Thomas. Q source describes the split that takes place in a family by believing in Jesus and following Him, while, in the Gospel of Thomas, beyond that, the split, as the process in which "a child" becomes "One" especially from "father" together with Jesus, is emphasized. As confirming in the verse 4, becoming 'One' or 'Single one,' for Thomas, means 'recovering the original integration in himself.'
'Three-One mysterious substance' and the statue of Maitreya

By the way, in the sphere of influence of the Eastern Church, there are many portraits of Jesus in a pose in which a ring is made with the ring finger and the thumb of his right hand, and the remaining three fingers are raised. This kind of portrait cannot be found in the sphere of influence of the Western Christian Church. These portraits are probably icons that symbolizes the doctrine of the Eastern Church's 'Three-One mysterious substance (三一妙身).'
The words, "For there will be five in a house: There will be three against two and two against three, father against son and son against father," in the verse sixteen of 'The Gospel of Thomas' may also have something to do with these icons.
Regarding 'Three-One mysterious substance,' at the beginning of its inscription, Daqin Jingjiao Popular Chinese Monument (大秦景教流行中国碑: Nestorian Stele) says, "Lo the unchangeably true and invisible, who existed through all eternity without origin; the far-seeing perfect intelligence, whose mysterious existence is everlasting; operating on primordial substance he created the universe, being more excellent than all holy intelligences, inasmuch as he is the source of all that is honorable. This is our eternal true lord Allah (阿羅訶歟), Three-One mysterious substance. He appointed the cross as the means for determining the four cardinal points, he moved the original spirit, and produced the two principles of nature;" and describes 'Three-One mysterious substance (三一妙身)' as the substance of Allah (Yahweh). In other words, the guardian deity of Jingjiaotu (景教徒: Believers of Luminous Religion) was Allah, and the Muslims are also considered to have followed it.
Then what is 'three'? In light of the 'Trinity' doctrine in the Western Church, the general interpretation is to say "God" as Father, "Jesus" as the Son, and "the Holy Spirit." While, Laozi (老子), a Chinese thinker in Spring and Autumn period (BC770-BC500), wrote in his book, 'Tao Te Ching (道徳経)' that "everything consists of 'yin (陰)' and 'yang (陽),' but 'the way of humanity' is neither 'yin' nor 'yang.' It is 'qi ([?]),' and 'qi' is the chaos, which is not yet divided into 'yin' and 'yang' like the primordial universe." It is reminiscent of 'recovering the original integration in oneself' taught by 'Gospel of Thomas' and the doctrine of 'Three-One mysterious substance' described on the Nestoriam Stele. By the way, the pronunciations of "[?]" and "気" in Chinese are the same, and they have almost the same meanings, but the former is used as a philosophical term. In English, they correspond to 'Holy Spirit' and 'spirit.'
Regarding 'One', 'Daodejing' says, "All things are produced because they have "One" and kings have sovereignty because they have "One". "One" gives them their essence.(Ch 39)" And it also says, "'The way' produces One. One produces Two. Two produces Three. Three produces all things. All things are carrying 'yin (陰)' and holding 'yang (陽).' These two are harmonized by the mediating breath (沖気). (Ch 42)" Wang Bi(王弼 226-249), a great thinker of the Xuanxue (玄学: Dark Learning, Mysterious Learning or Profound Learning) during the Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties (魏晋南北朝) era, said, "'One (一)' is the beginning of the number, and this is the extreme of things, so called 'Miaoyou (妙有mysterious-being),' he who wants to be called 'You (有being),' doesn't see its shape, so it is not being, therefore, it's called 'miao (妙mysterious).' Though someone wants to call it 'Wu (無nothing),' but things are born because of this, so it is not 'Wu,' that is why it is 'You (有).' This is 'You (有)' existed in 'Wu (無),' thus it is called 'Miaoyou (妙有mysterious existence).' As it means that 'Miaoyou (妙有) is 'One (一)' that is the beginning of the number and is the extreme of things, and it is neither 'You (有)' nor 'Wu (無)' but exists both in 'You (有)' and 'Wu (無).' By the way, Xuanxue (玄学) is a scholarship that interpreted Yijing (易経), Laozi (荘子) and Zuangzi (荘子), which were called the 'sanxuan (三玄three mysteries),' and was popular during the Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties era of China.
Sengzhao (僧肇), who was known as one of the four Sages among Kumaarajiiva (鳩摩羅什350-409)'s three thousand students and the best 'emptiness' theoretician, said in his book 'Zhaolun Niepanwuminglun (肇論:涅槃無名論),' Chapter 4, "The true way is in the complete enlightenment, and the complete enlightenment is in the bare truth. If you have got the bare truth, you would see both presence and absence. If you see both presence and absence, there is no difference between the other and you. Therefore heaven, earth, and I have the same root and myriad things and I are one body."
The doctrine of 'Three-One mysterious substance' reflects the experiences that Thomas gained in his trip of preaching India and China, and the influences of Buddhism and Taoism are strongly felt. Moreover, this kind of influence is bidirectional, and it is considered that the Mahayana Buddhist schools that were prosperous in India at that time and the philosophies of Tiantai (天台) and Hua-yan (華厳) that emerged in China after that were also greatly stimulated by the Gnostic Christianity taught by Thomas. It can be said that the Buddha's three-body theory (仏陀三身説), that is, 'Dharmakaya (法身) which symbolizes the absolute truth or Li (理: universality), Nirmanakaya (応身) which symbolizes actual Buddha appeared in this historical world under spatial and temporal limitations or Shi (事: particularity) and Sambhogakaya (報身) which symbolizes interfusion between Li (理: universality) and Shi (事: particularity)' is a typical example. It may be mentioned that just around that time Fazang (法蔵643–712). who became a priest in obedience to the Imperial order and succeeded to the third patriarch of the Huayan school of Buddhism (華厳宗) and lectured to Empress Wu ZeTian (則天武后) and other high ranked officials on Huayan philosophy (華厳哲学) in the court, was from Sogdiana, one of Aramaic countries in western region of China.
The statue of Maitreya Bodhisattva (弥勒菩薩像), which is said to have been given to Japan by Silla in 603 AD, in Koryuji Temple (広隆寺), makes that shape of fingers of its right hand. At that time, Koguryo, Silla, and Baekje stood on the Korean Peninsula, each striving to strengthen their relationship with Japan. Though the tribe in Kitakyushu, led by Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇)'s older brother Inainomikoto (稲飯命), seems to have had a blood relation with Kingdom of Silla (新羅), Yamato Kingdom (大和王権) had taken a diplomatic stance supporting Baekje (百済) since the Emperor Ojin (応神天皇)'s reign. When Baekje, which had invaded by Silla, asked Japan to rescue. Emperor Keitai (継体天皇) tried to send an expeditionary force to Korean Peninsula, but Iwai (磐井), a clan of Tsukushi in Kitakyushu, revolted joining hands with Silla. Even in the days of Prince Shotoku (聖徳太子), Soga (蘇我) and other clans linked Baekje were preparing to dispatch troops to Korea. Therefore, Silla sent to Japan the statue of Maitreya Bodhisattva, which symbolizes the doctrine of 'Three-One mysterious substance,' perhaps in order to restore old relations with the Yamato Imperial Court returning to the Emperor Jimmu's era. At that time in Silla there were several groups of knights called Hwa-rang (花郎) composed of children of the noble families who worshiped Mireuk-posal(弥勒菩薩) and played an active role in the Kingdom. The Maitreya Faith of Silla seems to have incorporated the doctrine of 'Three-One mysterious substance' of the primitive Christianity which had been believed by Yamato Imperial family and Hata clan (秦氏).Click here to read more.

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